Study registration: *
Publication Tenforde M, MMWR, 2021
Dates: 2020-12-14 to 2021-07-14
Funding: Not reported/unclear
Conflict of interest: Yes (Samuel M. Brown reports personal fees from Hamilton, institutional fees from Faron Pharmaceuticals and Sedana, grants from Janssen, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Department of Defense (DoD), book royalties from Oxford University and Brigham Young University, outside the submitted work. Jonathan D. Casey reports grants from NIH, outside the submitted work. Steven Y. Chang was a speaker for La Jolla Pharmaceuticals in 2018 and consulted for PureTech Health in 2020. James D. Chappell reports grants from NIH during the conduct of the study. Matthew C. Exline reports support from Abbott Labs for sponsored talks, outside the submitted work. D. Clark Files reports personal consultant fees from Cytovale and is a data and safety monitoring board (DSMB) member from Medpace, outside the submitted work. Adit A. Ginde reports grants from NIH, DoD, AbbVie, and Faron Pharmaceuticals, outside the submitted work. Michelle N. Gong reports grants from NIH and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), DSMB membership fees from Regeneron, and personal fees from Philips Healthcare, outside the submitted work. Carlos G. Grijalva reports consultancy fees from Pfizer, Merck, and Sanofi-Pasteur; grants from Campbell Alliance/Syneos Health, NIH, the Food and Drug Administration, AHQR, and Sanofi, outside the submitted work. David N. Hager reports salary support from Incyte Corporation, the Marcus Foundation, and EMPACT Precision Medicine via Vanderbilt University Medical Center, outside the submitted work. Natasha Halasa reports grants and nonfinancial support from Sanofi, and Quidel outside the submitted work. Daniel J. Henning reports personal consultant fees from Cytovale and Opticyte. Akram Khan reports grants from United Therapeutics, Johnson & Johnson, 4D Medical, Lung LLC, and Reata Pharmaceuticals, outside the submitted work. Adam S. Lauring reports personal fees from Sanofi and Roche, outside the submitted work. Christopher J. Lindsell reports grants from NIH, DoD, and the Marcus Foundation; contract fees from bioMerieux, Endpoint LLC, and Entegrion Inc, outside the submitted work and has a patent for risk stratification in sepsis and septic shock issued. Emily T. Martin reports personal fees from Pfizer and grants from Merck, outside the submitted work. Arnold S. Monto reports consulting fees from Sanofi-Pasteur and Seqirus outside the submitted work. Ithan D. Peltan reports grants from NIH and Janssen Pharmaceuticals and institutional support from Asahi Kasei Pharma and Regeneron, outside the submitted work. Todd W. Rice reports personal fees from Cumberland Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and personal fees from Avisa Pharma, LLC and Sanofi, outside the submitted work. Wesley H. Self reports consulting fees from Aeprio Pharmaceuticals and Merck outside the submitted work. No other potential conflicts of interest were disclosed.)