Publication Thomas S, COVID A to Z, 2021 (Unblinded)
Dates: 4/27/2020 to 10/14/2020
Funding: Not reported/unclear (Cleveland Clinic Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Institute)
Conflict of interest: *
Blinding: published paper
Multicenter / USA |
Follow-up duration (days): 28
|Inclusion criteria||New diagnosis in an outpatient setting;
Aged 18 years or older;
A menstrual period within the past 30 days or previous sterilization;
Negative pregnancy test
Resided outside of Ohio or Florida; pregnant;
Actively lactating; advanced chronic kidney disease;
Liver disease awaiting transplantation;
History of calcium oxalate kidney stones
214 participants n1=48/ n2=50/ n3=58/ n4=58/
|Characteristics of participants|
Mean age : 45.2
Severity : Mild: n=0 / Moderate: n=0/ Severe: n=0 Critical: n=0
|In the register|
Symptom Reduction [ Time Frame: 28 days ] Number of days to reach a 50 percent reduction in the cumulative 0-36 symptom score with each symptom evaluated on a 0-3 scale.
Assessed symptoms are Fever, Cough, Shortness of Breath, Fatigue, Muscle or body aches, Headache, New loss of taste, New loss of smell, Congestion or runny nose, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea. Each patient will have a composite score ranging from 0-36/day
|In the report|
Yes. In English
|Risk of bias
The overall risk of bias reported in the table corresponds to the highest risk of bias for the outcomes assessed for the systematic review
In addition to the published article, the study registry and protocol were used in data extraction and risk of bias assessment. The study was terminated early due to futility.
Quote: "Due to slower than expected enrollment, an interim analysis was conducted at approximately 40% of expected enrollment (214 of 520 patients). Stopping for superiority would only be considered if any treatment group achieved P < .001 compared with placebo. Stopping for futility would be considered if the conditional power was less than 30% for any (or all) treatment groups compared with placebo...The OSMB met on October 23, 2020, and recommended stopping the study for futility. The futility criteria was met for the 3 active treatment groups compared with the usual care group."
As a result, the target sample size specified in the registry was not achieved. Mortality was reported in the paper, but was not pre-specified in the registry. Other efficacy outcomes were not reported in the paper.
Quote: "In the original analysis plan, patients recorded a questionnaire with only 4 symptoms (ie, fever/chills, shortness of breath, cough, and fatigue) for scores ranging from 0 to 12. However, based on CDC guidelines, the study protocol was amended on July 16, 2020, and the symptom questionnaire was expanded to include a total of 12 symptoms (ie, fevers/chills, shortness of breath, cough, fatigue, muscle or body aches, headache, new loss of taste, new loss of smell, congestion or runny nose, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea), creating a score ranging from 0 to 36.2 The original 4-symptom scale was collected from all patients. The 12-symptom scale was only collected from patients enrolled after the July 16, 2020, amendment."
There is no change from the trial registration in the intervention and control treatments.